Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Background
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was born on 9th September 1949 in Pacitan, East Java. He is an Indonesian politician, military officer, and a government official who was the first president which was elected as the Indonesian president in two times from 2004 until 2009 and 2009 until 2014. Yudhoyono was born in an aristocratic family background. Following his father’s background, he entered the army after he graduated from Indonesian Military Academy in 1973. He got married with Kristiani Herawati, a daughter of a powerful general. Yudhoyono acquired his valuable experience in abroad, undertook the Infantry Officer Advanced Course of United States Army in the early 1980s. In the 1991, he trained the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Moreover, he got a master’s degree of business administration from Webster University in 1991. In 2004, Yudhoyono earned a PhD in economics from Bogor Agricultural University, in Indonesia.
In 1995, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono served as an Indonesia’s chief military observer in UN peacekeeping force in Herzegovina and Bosnia. Soon later, he was a political affairs staff and a chief of army’s social. Yudhoyono left the active positions in military service in 2000 with got the rank of lieutenant general. From the following of 2000 to 2004, he held a high profile governmental cabinet post both of Megawati Soekarnoputri and Abdurrahman Wahid. In 2002, he became a principal founder of Democrat Party (Partai Demokrat, PD), which made him to become his vehicle in politics for the rest of Yudhoyono’s career in public service. After PD had contested in a parliamentary election on March 2004 and won 7.5 percent vote, Yudhoyono could be able to challenge Megawati Soekarnoputri in the presidency. He received a largest vote total number in the first round of balloting on June, and in a September election, Yudhoyono won the election bore down Megawati with getting 61 percent of the vote. On 20 October 2004, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was elected as a next president of Indonesia changed Megawati Soekarnoputri.
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono‘s government should face the national calamities in the early of his second term, included a powerful earthquake in 2009 and other major tsunami, and the eruption of Mount Merapi in 2010 which each of them killed many hundred people. Nonetheless, Indonesians generally lived peaceful and prosperous in most of the term before the growing of economic had slowed and the inflation was rising. However, the party was in bad condition in 2014 legislative election. On October 2014, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono left his office because he was not able to run again for the president.